Rachel became an aquatic biologist in the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, where she analysed and reported on populations of fish. Her reports were groundbreaking and she eventually made waves in publishing houses who took on her environmental literature.
Rachel is said to have been a catalyst for the formation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Her work eventually moved on to other areas, especially looking at the use of pesticides. Following her death she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Jimmy Carter.
“To stand at the edge of the sea, to sense the ebb and flow of the tides, to feel the breath of a mist moving over a great salt marsh, to watch the flight of shore birds that have swept up and down the surf lines of the continents for untold thousands of years, to see the running of the old eels and the young shad to the sea, is to have knowledge of things that are as nearly eternal as any earthly life can be.” ~ Rachel Carson
Jacques Cousteau was a French marine biologist and conservationist, fascinated by the lives of aquatic animals and plants. His list of roles must also include Naval officer, explorer, filmmaker, scientist, photographer and author, although he described himself as an oceanographic technician.
He used his talents in story telling to bring his marine research to life in numerous books and film. His most famous work is probably the The Silent World, a film based on his book of the same name, won a Palme d’or at the Cannes Film Festival in 1956, almost unheard of for documentaries.
Jacques also played a part in the creation of the “Aqua-Lung”, which was a first of it’s kind form of open-circuit scuba diving equipment. He founded the French Oceanographic Campaigns (FOC) in 1950, alongside the Underseas Research Group in France as well as French Underseas Research offices.
The sea, the great unifier, is man’s only hope. Now, as never before, the old phrase has a literal meaning: we are all in the same boat. ~ Jacques-Yves Cousteau
Sylvia Earle, otherwise known as ‘Her Deepness’, is an American marine biologist, oceanographer, author, lecturer and National Geographic explorer-in-residence. Two of her biggest accolades have been that she was the first female chief scientist of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and also that she was was named the first Hero for the Planet by Time Magazine in 1998.
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